Dust suppression and industrial VOC removal in Polydiene production

OUR CUSTOMER IS A PETROCHEMICAL COMPANY WHICH MANAGES THE ACTIVITY OF THE STYRENES & ELASTOMERS, POLYETHYLENE AND BASIC CHEMICAL BUSINESS AREAS, COORDINATING THE PRODUCTION AND MARKETING OF THE ENTIRE PRODUCT PORTFOLIO THROUGH ITS THREE DIVISIONS.

Effluent Purification Polydiene Plant - Brofind S.p.a.

THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF POLYDIENE FINISHING PROCESSES

The finishing lines of a polydiene plant produce atmospheric emissions containing V.O.C., polybutadiene rubber fine particles, calcium stearate dusts.

EMISSIONS CHARACTERISTICS

Air emissions from polydiene finishing processes have the following characteristics:

VARIABLECHARACTERISTICS
Temperature30-80°C
Humidity40-100%
Presence of volatile organic compounds (V.O.C)N-hexane
Presence of dusts in the emission to be treated0,5-1 g/Nm3
Emission flow rate50.000 Nm3/h
Operational cycleContinuous
VariabilityLimited

DEPURATION GOALS

The main depuration goal is to reduce as much as possible the emission into the atmosphere of pollutants harmful to the environment (V.O.C. and DUSTS), allowing compliance with the regulatory limits laid down for the individual pollutants; the presence of dust, in particular, must be reduced to a minimum to avoid any interference with the abatement plant, one solution is using an industrial VOC air filter.

THE SOLUTION THROUGH THE PROCESS OF REGENERATIVE THERMAL OXIDATION, PRECEDED BY WET ABATEMENT

In order to solve the environmental issue, marked by emissions with almost continuous air flow and considerable mass flows of pollutants, it was installed a regenerative thermal oxidation plant preceded by a section of wet dust abatement.

THE MEASURES IDENTIFIED FOR THE APPLICATION IN THE INDUSTRY OF POLYDIENE FINISHING

Regenerative thermal oxidation is frequently used to treat atmospheric emissions containing V.O.C.; as the presence of dust can cause clogging of the ceramic masses, a wet de-dusting section has been added.

The application in the polydiene finishing industry had to involve the identification and application of specific measures aimed at achieving the following objectives:

  • The achievement of the highest purification performance, through a specific sizing of the process parameters and the use of reversing valves with rapid handling and perfect seal
  • The optimization of the energy consumption, thanks to the use of a special burner able to reduce the secondary pollutants produced by the oxidation process
  • The use of a wet de-dusting section, suitable for dust control and to treat emissions with high dust content without clogging, and in the presence of high humidity
  • The use of materials resistant to high operating pressures and corrosion phenomena
  • The presence of an analyzer for the continuous monitoring of the pollutants emitted in the stack

THE RESULTS

The results achieved thanks to the combination of these technologies confirm the effectiveness of the solution, which allowed the accomplishment of the following results:

  • The achievement of values of concentration of pollutants in atmospheric emissions far below the regulatory limits required
  • The minimization of energy consumption
  • The absence of clogging phenomena, both in the oxidation and in the de-dusting section
  • No interference with the production processes upstream of the treatment plant

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